Periodontal surgery and treatment procedures that are used to treat gum disease and other periodontal issues. These treatments involve the careful removal of plaque, tartar, and infection from the gums and bone. In some cases, a pocket of tissue may be created to provide access to clean and repair the inflamed gum tissue. In other cases, periodontal surgery may be required to restore the health of the gums. Treatments may also include scaling and root planing, bone grafting, and gum grafting. After the surgery, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and mouth rinses may be prescribed to help in the healing process.